STOP BEING LAZY!!! DISCIPLINE AND HARD WORK UNTIL YOU DIE.
Only joking. Discipline is good, but it may not be enough for most people. Even if you have discipline (and energy), you probably use a lot of it for work / study. But here are 2 magic words to help you keep learning English………..
Trust me. I learnt Chinese this way. No discipline, I didn’t like the language, you could even say I hated it. Did I need Chinese? No, not in any way. I was very busy with my job and wife and kid. But by “developing habits” I learnt it. How can you develop habits? The 3 things below should help you…
1 – The magic formula. To develop a habit, you need to keep doing something. This formula will help predict if you will do / keep doing something….
the chances you will do / keep doing something =
motivating / + (enjoyment / interest) X (reward/relevance)
demotivating / – (difficulty) X (time)
so, more enjoyment + more reward / less difficulty and less time = you’re likely to do it / keep doing it
Here’s an example (true for me) with coffee and tea, am I more likely to drink coffee or tea?…..
+ (I like the taste) X (it wakes me up)
– (it’s easy to make and drink) X (it takes 7 minutes)
+ (I like the taste) X (nothing)
– (it’s easy to make and drink) X (it takes 7 minutes)
So I’m personally more likely to have a coffee than a tea. But if somebody feels that coffee is bad for them (=bad reward), then they are less likley to drink coffee. If somebody needs to walk 40 minutes to get a coffee and not 10 seconds to the kitchen, they are less likely to have a coffee.
For any language activity, you can ask yourself 4 questions to find out if you’ll keep doing it
- Do I like it? / Is it interesting?
- Is it useful for my needs?
- Is it easy?
- Does it take not much time?
My Chinese example: flashcards. I loved flashcards, they were on my phone, I did them 5 minutes or 120 minutes a day (way more often 5 mins :)) , whatever I felt like. Somebody else had made them. If they were difficult I deleted them.
So I started with developing the habit of flashcards, this helped me get to know and like the Chinese characters (pictures), which then made it easier / more enjoyable to read adapted books, after I built up knowledge from adapted books it made it more enjoyable to listen to songs, then the same for podcasts, movies / television series, writing, and lastly speaking.
- If your answer is “yes” to all 4 questions in the formula, great news, 3 is ok, 2, maybe not so good, 1 not a good idea, 0, oops
- “Do I like it?” is the most important for longer periods.
- “Do I need it?” is good for shorter periods
- If you can “fool” yourself into liking or needing more, please do so
- “Is it easy” = no……. don’t worry, ask yourself “Can I make it easier?” (you may need to change your mentality 🙁 )
Example 1: watch a movie with subtitles in your language or English
Example 2: focus on the words you know, not ones you don’t
Example3: when speaking, you can make it easier by worrying less about mistakes
Example 4: read adapted books
- “Will it take not much time?” = no, then ask yourself “Can I make it shorter?”
Example 1: instead of watching a movie, watch a TV Series episode
Example 2: limit youtube video searches about topics to 4 minutes
Example 3: read only the first and last third of a long business article
Example 4: read short stories, not long novels
2 – Create the conditions: lots of things in English, all “close” to you
Sometimes you feel like listening to a podcast. If it is on your phone, and computer, and tablet, you will find it quickly = less time = more likely to do it.
But what if you can’t find the podcasts. Or if suddenly you feel like reading a short story and not a podcast? Or watching a film, or listening to a song, or … . Unfortunately, even if we like something, we do not always feel like doing it. But if you have lots of different things near you, then you can usually find something you feel like doing, and if it’s “near” you, you’ll actually start doing it. For example, on my phone I have Chinese songs, flashcards, podcasts, movies, TV series, books, poetry, cartoons. I can always find something I want to do.
Don’t forget to have earphones near your phone / tablet, so you can listen whenever, wherever you want
Also, is your phone, computer, e-mail, facebook etc all in English? Are all the books around you in English. Are you “making” people around you speak English? This last one is tricky, but by way of example, I’m teaching my daughter Chinese to give myself practice and get someone (in the future) who I can talk with in Chinese.
3 – Always ask yourself, how can I use English, how can I develop this use?
Too often people do develop good passive habits, like listening and reading, but not active ones (speaking and writing). Here are some active habits you can develop. Remember, don’t “push” yourself too much, instead, follow the points I made above. Start with something that you like more (even if not much), and find easy / won’ take too much time / is connected with your “needs”
- send messages (sms, video or facebook etc) in English (choose a friend that wants to / doesn’t mind = more interesting)
- talk with a friend / colleague / partner in English (start with “short” time periods at a time that you both feel like – e.g. for ten minutes at lunch)
- make some videos (start a youtube channel, send your teacher skype videos)
- start a blog / vlog in English (again, start with shorter posts / videos)
- sign up at www.italki.com and write some posts
- sign up at www.couchsurfing.org and meet tourists in your city
- repeat phrases as you watch movies / listen to podcasts
- sing along to songs
- take notes in English
- translate in your mind what other people say (again, do this for short periods when it is convenient)
- talk to yourself / the walls in English
- teach someone English
- join a conversation club
- read out loud
If you don’t like something, don’t feel like doing something, or don’t need something, always come back later and try again.
For further reading I recommend a site by a guy called “Katsumoto”, who learnt Japanese in 18 months. His site is here for more reading. Might be difficult though, as it is for native speakers.