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Learning Languages for Life

Month: September 2017

IELTS Vocabulary for Reading / Listening: Anki

One of the best books for learning vocabulary is “Barron’s essential words for IELTS”. Thanks to MODERN TECHNOLOGY, you can learn the words in the book using ELECTRONIC FLASHCARDS.

To start learning:

1 – go to this website to download the “anki” program onto your computer for free

https://apps.ankiweb.net/

and/ or, you can download onto your android tablet or phone  (also free) or apple product (you’ll have to pay :))

2 – when you have the program, click on this link and download the deck

3 – then open the file and start typing in the answers

 

Here’s a video that shows the above steps for computers as well how to type answers in the flashcards

 

 

Choosing a primary care physician in the US

Video 1

Pre-watching questions:

Do you feel more comfortable with a male or female physician? Why?

Do you usually turn to friends or family when looking for recommendation for a doctor?

How would you feel if your doctor had one of the following approaches:

  • parental
  • authoritative
  • caring
  • analytical

How many office / doctor visits do you schedule per year?

What’s your BMI (check here)

 

Now watch the video, as you watch, pick which of the above expressions in bold are used

 

 

Post-watching questions

First fill in the gaps, then check answers (scroll down) then discuss

  1. Do you really need to make a list before going to the doctor to get the most___ of the appointment?
  2. Are check-__only for old people?
  3. What did you think generally of the ______of advice?
  4. How important is it to keep your physician __ – to – ___ with your health?

 

 

Follow-up videos

Watch the following videos. Compare the advice they all give

 

 

 

Answers:

  1. get the most out of something
  2. a check-up(s)
  3. a piece(s) of advice
  4. keep someone up-to-date

 

 

 

 

 

Government UBI money for everyone!

What is Universal Basic Income? (UBI)

Universal Basic Income = is a form of social security[3] in which all citizens or residents of a country receive a regular, unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, independent of any other income.[4

i.e. you get this money even if you have a job!

What is the difference between UBI and traditional unemployment benefits / welfare?

With traditional unemployment / welfare benefits you receive money if you do not have a job, but if you get a job you lose the benefits.

 

Does UBI sound crazy? Think again…

 

Reading 1

Pre-reading ideas / language activation:

  1. Guess the author’s linguistic choice (LC) for this sentence: Robot-to-worker  ratios are rising gradually / constantly / rapidly.
  2. Which country has the highest robot-worker ratio?
  3. Author’s Linguistic Choice (LC) :The cost of robot implementation is shrinking / decreasing / plummeting.
  4. True / False: When it comes to jobs at risk, the developing world is not much better-off that the developed world.
  5. True / False: Some believe UBI could be given as a lump sum when people turn 18
  6. Author’s LC: You could make exclusions for households / people / families earning $100,000  a year or more
  7. LC: The greatest / most substantial / key benefit of UBI would be the elimination of people living below the povery line
  8. True / False: Trial projects are currently being undertaken in Kenya and Switzerland

 

Now read the infogaph here

Post -reading discussion:

  1. What do you think about the arguments for and against?
  2. Of the two case studies, Namibia and  Alaska, which is more interesting for you?
  3. Why do you think that those countries mentioned are undertaking experiments but others like Australia are not?
  4. Which proponent quote did you
  • like the most
  • find the strangest
  • disagree with

Reading 2

Pre-reading ideas / language activation:

Author’s linguistic choice (LC): Finland’s pilot UBI scheme is radical / groundbreaking / unprecedented

True / False: The scheme sees people receiving 500 Euros a month

Author’s LC: The scheme is addressing / combating / tackling poverty

True / False: Under the current social welfare, claimants are afraid of losing out if they find a job.

LC: Finland has generous social security. As a result people refuse work because they feel better off with social benefits. This problem is growing / acute/ inevitable

Now read the article here

 

Post -reading discussion:

  • Do you agree that generous benefits can lead to an acute problem in terms of people turning down work?
  • The article references one person’s quote concerning “reduced stress”. What was the situation? How representative do you think it is?
  • How much do you agree with the listed benefits?

 

Video 1

Pre-reading ideas / language activation:

Elon Musk believes large-scale unemployment will happen. In the video he talks about UBI, and mentions a “much harder challenge” than how to deal with income for those without jobs. What do you think this challenge is?

Now watch..

http://aitonenglish.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=488&action=edit

 

Post -reading discussion:

To what extent do you agree that:

goods and services will be in abundance due to automation?

a lot of people derive their meaning from their employment?

finding a replacement for “meaning” will / would be much more difficult than implementing a UBI sloution

 

 

Video 2

Pre-reading ideas / language activation:

  1. In this talk,  Professor Peterson mentions the connection between computational (computer) power and concentration of wealth. What is the connection?
  2. When asked about the feasability of UBI,  he introduces sled dogs as a metaphor. Why do you think he does this?
  3. How do you think unemployment affects conscientious people as opposed to unconscientious people?

 

Post -video discussion:

  • To what extent are computational and cognitive skills important for making money in your country?
  • According to the speaker, people on the right believe that everyone can find a job, whereas those on the left believe everyone is equal. Do you agree with this?
  • Do you agree that people are pack animals?
  • To what extent does a person’s personality effect how the react to unemployment?
  • Do you also doubt that people with “enforced” leisure will / would figure out what to do with their lives?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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