1 – 248 repetitions for today !@#$%%R@! (= too many repetitions build up)
2 – mm, mm, mm, mm (= people do the cards passively without speaking)
To manage, these problems…
a – Delete, Delete, Delete if…
i – a card is difficult
ii – the idea not clear
iii – the structure is not useful
iv – it is VERY easy. NOTE: even if it is easy passively, is it easy actively (See below)
aim to delete between 20% to 50% of your cards:
This will save you time and effort!
b – regular, it’s every day !!
if you do anki during the day in little bits, it’s easier. Do it when waiting for friends, do it when standing in a line, do it before a meeting starts, do it on the bus
do NOT take a one week break. Take it with you on holiday
c – Active or passive structures?
If you want to learn a word passively (it’s a bit difficult, or it’s not THAT useful etc), then do anki normally
If you want to learn a word actively then there are 4 levels:
—— mechanical levels (1/2)
active level 1 = repeat the answer OUT LOUD
active level 2 = repeat the WHOLE structure the answer is in (without reading)
—– flexible levels (3/4)
active level 3 = change the WHOLE structure so it is true for your life
active level 4 = COMBINE the structure with another structure you did in anki recently
Obviously it takes time and effort to do the “flexible” levels. So, if you’re tired or there are a lot of repetitions or you don’t have an idea, then do “active level 1 / 2”. If you have an idea for the card / you have more energy do active level 3 /4. If you’re on the bus and can’t speak out loud, then do them passively. Don’t forget to delete if necessary 🙂
Below are 5 ways to motivate people in a small business. Read the text, for each point, think of whether this is true only for small business, is true mostly for small business, is true equally for small and large business.
If there’s one thing that employees might appreciate more than money, it’s time. With today’s hectic life, more employees than ever are struggling to find the time for family, friends, hobbies, and health.
By offering your employees some flexibility in hours, you’re acknowledging that you know they have a life outside of work. Even if you can’t offer your employees benefits like everyday core hours or work-from-home shifts, you might still be able to work some flexibility into your employees’ schedules. Think about letting employees come in early in exchange for letting them leave early, or even consider rewarding a hard worker with an unexpected paid afternoon off.
2. Recognize Good Performance
Nothing’s more discouraging than working hard on a project, only to have your hard work go unnoticed.
You should provide your employees with recognition for their hard work on a regular basis. Show him or her your appreciation right away, with personalized gifts and awards, small bonuses, or even just by saying thanks.
3. Provide Professional Development Opportunities
Giving your employees the chance to enhance their skills makes them feel like the company is just as invested in them as they are in it, so it can increase loyalty and motivation. Professional development opportunities also motivate employees to succeed, and give them the tools they need to accomplish more. Knowledgeable, skilled employees are more motivated employees, and they’ll be more valuable employees, too.
4. Foster a Fun Environment
Your employees spend a good deal of their lives at work, and by making the workplace more fun, you’ll make going to work more enjoyable, which can keep employees motivated and engaged. How can you do that? Workplace parties, bring-your-dog-to-work days, and weekly employee happy hours are some common strategies. Ask your employees for their feedback on what would make the workplace more fun.
5. Practice Effective Communication Strategies
In a small business, employees have the advantage of being able to directly see the impact their contributions have on the company. By communicating openly and effectively with your employees about how the business is doing and how they’ve contributed, you can help your employees feel like a part of the company’s big picture. Take their input seriously, and they’ll feel like a more valued member of the team.
Text 2 – video
Wall Street Journal interviews CEOs of big US companies. Do they mention any of the five pieces of advice above? What else do they mention?
Background: A high-level Chinese businesswoman was arrested in Canada on behalf of the US. The arrest came in the middle of a trade-war between the US and China
Text 1 – Video
Before watching the video below, guess the answers to these questions:
How does the Canadian PM emphasize that his government is not connected to the arrest?
What reason do the “laobaixing” (the general public of China) believe is behind the arrest?
A Berlin based economist says “this struggle between America and China will define the coming decades”. What struggle do you think he is referring to?
Watch the video to see if your guesses are correct:
THe article below is about two Canadians who were arrested after the Chinese woman was arrested. It gives a reaction of an American, Mike. What’s your LC for the gaps below? Click on the link here to compare with the actual LC and finish reading the article.
Mike Pompeo says China should free two Canadians held after Huawei executive’s arrest
The US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, has said China should free two Canadian citizens who were 1)______ this week following the arrest in Canada of a senior Huawei executive on a US extradition warrant.Pompeo’s comments were the first by a senior US official on the Canadians’ arrests, which the country’s prime minister Justin Trudeau said could 2)_______ a growing trade conflict between China and the United States. “The unlawful detention of two Canadian citizens is 3)__________,” Pompeo told reporters after talks in Washington with Canadian foreign minister Chrystia Freeland. “They ought to be returned … We ask all nations of the world to treat other citizens properly.” China detained the two – businessman Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig, a former diplomat and an adviser with the International Crisis Group (ICG) – after Canadian police arrested Huawei Technologies Co Ltd’s chief financial officer, Meng Wanzhou, on 1 December. Canada’s foreign ministry said its ambassador to Beijing, John McCallum, was 4) ____________consular access to Kovrig and is 5) for access to Spavor. Trudeau predicted that access would take place “shortly”. “We are being absolutely clear on standing up for our citizens who have been detained, trying to figure out why, trying to work with China to demonstrate that this not acceptable,” he told City Tv in Toronto. ICG President Robert Malley also called for Kovrig’s release. “Michael’s arrest is unjust. He should be freed immediately,” Malley said in a statement. “Far from being secretive, Michael’s work was open for all to see, Chinese officials first and foremost,” he said. Kovrig did not do anything to 6) ___________China’s national security, either as a diplomat or at the ICG, Malley said. US prosecutors accuse Meng of misleading multinational banks about Iran-linked transactions, putting the banks at risk of 7)_______ US sanctions. Meng, who is the daughter of Huawei’s founder, has said she is innocent. The United States and Canada promised a fair judicial process for Meng. Foreign ministers and defence chiefs from Canada and the US met in Washington as Ottawa increasingly looked like 8)_______________ damage in a 9) __________________US-China trade war, with Beijing at the same time working to 10)_____________ trade tensions with Washington.
Below are three texts, one of them written, the other two a video:
The gapfill (20 gaps) below is from an الجزيرة Al-Jazeera article Fill in the gaps with your linguistic choice range, then click on the link to see the author’s linguistic choice and finish reading the article.
Why are the ‘yellow vests’ protesting in France?
The wave of protests 1)______
through France is not a rejection of green policies. It’s a 2)_____
against the 1 percent.
For the past three weeks, France has been experiencing one of the most significant socialmobilisations in its recent history, which laid bare the country’ssocial 3)____, anti-elite sentiment,growing inequalities and thirst for social justice.
It all started on November 17 when tens of
thousands of people 4)____
to the streets across the country to protest against rising fuel
The protesters, dubbed “Les
gilets jaunes” (the yellow vests) after the high-visibility
jackets they adopted as a symbol of their complaint, blocked
roundabouts, burned effigies and clashed with the police. They were
angry about the almost 20 percent increase in the price of diesel
since the start of the year, as well as the planned fuel tax 5)____
Macron had recently announced.
While Macron said the tax was necessary to “protect
the environment” and “combat climate change”,
protesters claimed the decision was yet another sign that the
“arrogant” and “privileged” president is out of
touch with regular folk 6)_______ to make 7)____ meet.
The intensity of the protests quickly forced
the government to make a U-turn and
first suspend and later permanently
shelve its plans for fuel tax increases. However, the
protest movement was not only about fuel prices. It 8)_________
wider anger and frustration against the political establishment in
general and President Macron in particular. As a result, the
government’s decision to abandon fuel tax hikes 9)______
to calm tensions.
The “yellow vests” want further concessions
from the government. Their demands include a redistribution of wealth
as well as the increase of salaries, pensions, social security
payments and the minimum wage. Some say they will not 10)_________
for anything less than the president’s resignation.
So how did day-to-day frustrations about fuel prices and “green
taxes” transform into a nation-wide protest movement attracting
hundreds of thousands of people in a matter of weeks?
It all comes down to Macron’s apparent failure to
connect with the people, understand their concerns and steer France
away from destructive neoliberal policies.
Misleading the electorate
40-year-old Macron was elected last year on
pledges to change the face of French politics, create more jobs and
On the eve of the 2017 presidential election, French
voters were tired of career politicians. They wanted a different kind
of leader, someone who can understand their 11)_______ social and
economic concerns and deliver real, practical solutions.
For the past four decades, French people have been worried about
the 12)_____ of social protections in their
country. Since Francois Mitterrand’s socialist government
controversially decided to 13)________
austerity policies in 1983, successive governments have taken slow
but consistent steps to dismantle the French welfare state.
All this gradually accentuated the economic concerns
of the French middle and working classes and led them to be more and
more suspicious of all mainstream politicians on the right and the
left. They came to believe that the political elite protects the
interests of the wealthy and does not care about the 14)________ of
Successfully diagnosing the public’s frustration with
the political class, Macron worked hard to differentiate himself from
the establishment in Paris and act as the representative of a “new
world order” throughout his election campaign.
He had the youth, the energy, the positive message.
He was the leader of a brand-new political party, 15)__________
neither with the right nor the left. He appeared to be carrying no
political baggage. Many viewed him as a possible savior and did not
hesitate to give him their vote.
Moreover, he was 16)_______ against National Front
leader Marine Le Pen. This also made him look like a “progressive
saviour”. A significant portion of the French electorate was
ready to vote for any moderate candidate who could stop the far right
from taking power. So, they voted for Macron, even though many of
them did not support his agenda completely or have faith in his
ability to respond to their concerns.
As a result, Macron was elected by a 17)______.
However, it didn’t take long for his supporters to realise that his
“reformist”, “new world” image was nothing more
than an illusion.
Macron’s failure to 18)_______ about
change should not have surprised anyone. Even though he seemed “young
and new”, he was part of the establishment.
He had served as the minister of the economy, industry and digital
affairs from 2014 to 2016 under Francois Hollande – he was in charge
of implementing the former president’s 19)_______
Labour Law reform, which caused 20)_______
protests across the country. Before that he was a Rothschild
The article has what could be described as a left-wing view. The video content might be described as right-wing. Watch the video twice. The first time see which ideas in the video are the same as in the article and which are different. The second time: make a note of linguistic choice.
“the straw that broke the camel’s__”
Before watching the video about police protests (for more money), what’s your LC for the missing words:
The yellow vest protests have been Macron’s ____ challenge yet.
After a series of measures designed to _______ public anger
The yellow vest protests came out of __ ___ .
Frustration had been ______ below the surface
Dealing with the protests and terrorist threats has left the police force_____.
All of that (Macron’s plans) has had a _____ encounter with reality.
We saw the number of protestors ______.
Participation has dropped ___ dramatically in the last week
The basic grievances of the yellow vest protestors have the ___ of the general public.
IELTS writing part 2 is an essay, the difference between academic and general is the questions in academic are “more difficult”. But it is a small difference. There are 5 or so main type of essays. In order to learn how to get an IELTS 7/8/9 in the writing, I recommend you
a – read the PDFs linked below
b – watch videos by me on my youtube channel
Once you have read the PDFs and watched the video you will know about
the types of essays and the differences
the structure expected
the four criteria the examiner uses to give you a mark
how to avoid typical mistakes (in grammar, vocab, orgnaisation and answering the question)
how to maximise your mark
A – ESSAY TYPES ( you can read in any order, but I recommend following the order given)
Why employers look for it: Workers are more productive when they know how to communicate with their peers, says Robinson.
How to gain it: One way to improve your communication and presentation skills is to join Toastmasters, a national organization that offers public speaking workshops.
Why you need it: Success is the result of many people working toward a common goal.
Why employers look for it: Employers look to team players to help build a friendly office culture, which helps retain employees and, in turn attracts top talent.
How to gain it: Lend a hand when you see a co-worker in need. (“Hey, I know you have a lot on your plate. How can I help?”)
Why you need it: Things don’t always go as planned. “Successful leaders are the ones who know how to be flexible when problems arise,” says Robinson.
Why employers look for it: “The speed of change in any given workplace is so rapid,” says Joel Garfinkle, executive coach and author of Getting Ahead: Three Steps to Take Your Career to the Next Level. Consequently, employers need workers who can adapt well.
How to gain it: Push yourself to be an early adopter of change. “For example, adapting to technology is crucial for people to be seen as someone who meets new challenges,” says Garfinkle. Offer to teach your co-workers what you learn.
4. Problem solving
Why you need it: When something goes wrong, you can either complain or take action.
Why employers look for it: Companies rely on problem solvers to deal with unexpected challenges.
How to gain it: “Always approach your boss with a solution, not a problem,” says Robinson.
5. Critical observation
Why you need it: Data doesn’t mean much if you don’t know how to interpret it. Being a critical observer can help make you a better worker all around.
Why employers look for it: Companies need critical thinkers—people who bring a fresh perspective and offer intuitive solutions and ideas to help the company be better than the competition or improve internal processes.
How to gain it: To be a critical observer, you need to be able to analyze information and put it to use. For example, does your boss actually read the weekly sales reports? What was her reaction to bad news in the staff meeting? What’s the best time of day to approach your manager with a question?
6. Conflict resolution
Why you need it: “Any time you put more than one person into an organization, there is going to be conflict,” says Robinson. “It’s human nature.” Therefore, being able to resolve issues with co-workers will help you maintain relationships with peers and work more effectively.
Why employers want it: Being able to constructively solve disagreements with people shows leadership potential. Someone like this helps to promote a healthy, collaborative workplace.
How to gain it: The best way to resolve disagreements between co-workers is to address issues directly but diplomatically. So, when trying to solve a conflict, let both sides give their opinion and then work together to find a solution.
Why you need it: Having confidence and a clear vision can help influence your co-workers. Displaying such leadership skills can lead to more opportunities for promotions.
Why employers want it: Bosses and managers are always looking for employees with leadership potential.
How to gain it: Leadership means inspiring and helping others reach their full potential. One way to do that is to become the internship supervisor, which gives you the opportunity to manage people, learn how to motivate a team, and take on more responsibility.
Think about these questions:
Do you have charm? How important is it? How can you develop it?