Aiton English

Learning Languages for Life

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Choosing a primary care physician in the US

Video 1

Pre-watching questions:

Do you feel more comfortable with a male or female physician? Why?

Do you usually turn to friends or family when looking for recommendation for a doctor?

How would you feel if your doctor had one of the following approaches:

  • parental
  • authoritative
  • caring
  • analytical

How many office / doctor visits do you schedule per year?

What’s your BMI (check here)


Now watch the video, as you watch, pick which of the above expressions in bold are used



Post-watching questions

First fill in the gaps, then check answers (scroll down) then discuss

  1. Do you really need to make a list before going to the doctor to get the most___ of the appointment?
  2. Are check-__only for old people?
  3. What did you think generally of the ______of advice?
  4. How important is it to keep your physician __ – to – ___ with your health?



Follow-up videos

Watch the following videos. Compare the advice they all give





  1. get the most out of something
  2. a check-up(s)
  3. a piece(s) of advice
  4. keep someone up-to-date






Elections / Protests: Kenya

Reading 1: Election / Political campaigning


Pre-reading 1: Your life experience – Compare and Contrast

This 2-minute video has no words.

  • compare and contrast this political rally with ones in your country/  that you’ve seen before
  • what’s your linguistic choice to describe what you see


Pre-reading 2: Guess what it’s like in another world

Unlike in countries like Australia and New Zealand, Kenyan politics is connected with tribes. Guess / wildly guess some answers to the following questions

  1. How many tribes do you think there are in politics?
  2. How much does the influence of one or another tribe change?
  3. Has there been any shift away from tribal politics in recent history?

Pre-reading 3: Painting the picture

Two main actors in the article you are about to read are “Uhuru Kenyatta” and “Raila Odinga”.

  1. Looking at their names, does one sound better than the other?
  2. Which actor, Kenyatta or Odinga will have more actions (verbs) in the text?
  3. The following actions are some that are used in the text: GUESS whether the actions are linked to the “Kenyatta” actor or the “Odinga” actor
  • Kenyatta / Odinga outperformed (+) a rival presidential candidate
  • Kenyatta / Odinga was seen to be a credible (+) opposition leader
  • Kenyatta / Odinga has campaigned tirelessly (+) against considerable odds (+)


Now read the text to answer the questions to pre-reading 2, and see if actions linked to the Kenyatta actor are different in level of positivity  to the actions linked with the “Odinga” character. Text here.



Reading 2: post-election protests


Pre-reading 1: Painting the picture

What’s your linguistic choice for the gapped combinations below

e.g. 1: Kenya falls into violence / Kenya descends into violence / Kenya……. into violence


Answers are at the end of the post. Look at them now

Pre-reading 2: What do the actors do?

Now you’ve been exposed to what the actor “Odigna” does in some texts,  have an educated guess what the actors will do

  • “Odinga says”  and / or “Odinga claims”
  • “Protests are held” and / or “protests erupt”
  • “the police used teargas” and / or “The police responded to violence with teargas”  and / or “The police crack down with teargas”

Now read and see (here)


Post – Reading 1: Video versus text

Would you use the linguistic choice from the article to describe the protesters / police actions?



Food and Diet:

Fast food England: does putting a cap on takeaways improve people’s health?

Roziur Choudhury prides himself on offering a healthier alternative at Grillzone, in the east London suburb of Dagenham. Photograph: Teri Pengilley for the Guardian (link below)




Pre-reading: activate ideas

  1. Do you think people in your country eat too much fast food?
  2. What do you think the government should do about fast food
  • ban fastfood outlets (shops)
  • introduce a cap (maximum number) on fastfood outlets
  • introduce a levy (special tax) on fastfood outlets
  • let the market decide

Pre-reading: linguistic choice

What is your linguistic choice for the gapped combinations below?


It is too early to say whether Roziur Choudhury is the future of Britain’s  (1) _______________ fast food sector. For now, he represents its conscience.

(1) flourishing, booming, burgeoning / struggling, waning / lucractive /  vital / insignificant …….     fast food sector


It is too early to say whether Roziur Choudhury is the future of Britain’s  (1) _______________ fast food sector. For now, he represents its conscience.

Choudhury’s smart new Grillzone restaurant, in the east London suburb of Dagenham, aims to be a “healthy” takeaway: golden, corn-fed half-chickens roast _(2)____________ on a rotary grill; chips are fried in low-fat oil; (3) ________ chopped salad is given away free with orders.


“Why would I want to feed people something I would not feed my own family?” Choudhury asks.

At £3.49 for six chicken wings, however, his food is (3)____________  pricey – and the competition around here is (4)__________. There are 61 fast-food joints jostling for business within a mile radius of Grillzone, according to the Centre for Diet and Activity Research’s new “food environment assessment tool”, which offers the public unprecedented analysis of the prevalence of food outlets throughout England.


click here to compare your linguistic choice with the author’s


Food and diet listening and vocab for speaking



Here is a link to an anki deck that has flashcards for the  “motivation ” topic. The cards are linked to the questions in the ” ☯active thinking, listening, noticing and speaking section ☯


⛏ Building and activating topic related vocabulary ⛏

In the link below there are two boxes, a vocabulary box and an exam questions box. After clicking on the link, look through the questions in the vocabulary box. If you see an epxression in a question that you want to activate, make a note of it in your “to activate” list and then ask yourself the question and answer it out loud, or make a video of yourself doing so.

click here


☯ active thinking active listening active noticing active speaking ☯

On the link below you will find 4 questions related to motivation and an example for each. Rather than just “listening and noting new words”, the following activites will help you

  1.   generate your own ideas and react to others (this is what langugae is for!!)
  2.    become aware of your linguistic choice at the moment
  3.    help you choose specific expressions that you want to activate
  4.    help you develop the habit of speaking more and using this speaking opportunity to activate recently noted expressions


before clicking here  to access the 4 questions and examples, read through the 10 steps below so you can then follow them.

Your ideas and linguistic choice (LC) before listening

  1. think about your ideas to the question
  2. answer the question out loud and record yourself doing it (video or sound)
  3. listen to / watch  the recording and make a note of your active linguistic choice “before” listening, then……..

Listening, reacting and learning4

  1. listen to the example answer once to compare ideas
  2. listen again (pausing and repeating) where necessary to make a note of expressions used that you like and want to activate
  3. click on the green button  to fill in the gaps in the text of the example answer
  4. listen again to check
  5. again make a note of expressions you would like to activate

Post-listeing: Speaking to activate

Do one or both of the following…

  1. Look at the expressions that you noted and identify the speaker’s ideas in the text that the expressions are in.  Think about your opinion  / reaction to these ideas,paying attention to linguistic choice. Then make a video in which you re-tell these ideas (activating the expressions you wanted to activate)   and giving your own opinion on these ideas  (reactivating the expressions where possible)
  2. Look at the question and again think of your own ideas to answer the question.  When you have your ideas,  plan how you can activate expressions from your “to activate list” in  your own answer. Then make a video of yourself giving your own answer and activating the expressions.

Video 1

Your ideas before watching a video about leaders inspiring action

Why do you get out of bed in the morning?

What motivates you to choose the products you choose?

What inspiring leaders can you think of (business, politics, sport..)?

Can you see something common that makes them inspiring?


Now watch the video to compare ideas and pick out new ones



Building expressions

Go through the tapescript briefly and choose five expressions you would like to activate

React to the ideas (activate expressions)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements (for each question, think of your ideas, then before answering look through your expressions from the previous and your “to activate” list in general to see if you can activate them)


  1. if you hire people just because they can do a job, they’ll work for your money, but if they believe what you believe, they’ll work for you with blood and sweat and tears.
  2. If you talk about what you believe, you will attract those who believe what you believe.
  3. The goal is not just to sell to people who need what you have; the goal is to sell to people who believe what you believe.
  4. The first 2.5% of our population are our innovators. The next 13.5% of our population are our early adopters. The next 34% are your early majority, your late majority and your laggards.
  5. Dr. King believed that there are two types of laws in this world: those that are made by a higher authority and those that are made by men. And not until all the laws that are made by men are consistent with the laws made by the higher authority will we live in a just world.
  6. We follow those who lead, not for them, but for ourselves. And it’s those who start with “why” that have the ability to inspire those around them or find others who inspire them.


Video 2

Your ideas before watching the Professor talking about “getting yourself to work towards goals”
  • How conscientious are you / were you as a student?  Who is the most industrious person you know? What makes them so industrious?
  • Do you set up aims for yourself?
  • The speaker mentions the big five personality groups. Read through them below and answer two questions
    1. Are you in one or more of the groups?
    2. How might being in one or another group affect what motivates you?
    • Neuroticism – A tendency to easily experience unpleasant emotions such as anxiety, anger, or depression.
    • Extroversion – Energy, surgency, and the tendency to seek stimulation and the company of others.
    • Agreeableness – A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others.
    • Conscientiousness – A tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement.
    • Openness to experience – Appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, and unusual ideas; imaginative and curious.

(the above is taken from this page if you want further reading)

  • What things do you value most in yor life (think about relationships, work, free time, possessions, health)?
  • The professor says “you won’t do what you tell yourself to do, you must have noticed that.” Hsa this ever been true for you? If no, then for someone you know? Why does it happen?


Now watch the video (from “Biology traits: performance and prediction)  to compare your ideas and react to new ones


The Professor’s linguistic choice

Read through the sentences below and choose the word (in the brackets) that Peterson chose (both are correct English, but what was his linguistic choice to convey his idea). When finished check your answers at the end

  1. “The more you (like / value) the end goal, the more the micro-processes conneceted with that end goal start to take on a postive charge
  2. “You want to specify a goal that make so say “oh, if that could happen as a consequence of my efforts that would (probably / clearly) be worthwhile”
  3. “(At university / At some stage) you should figure out who it is you’re trying to be and then you use everything you learn as a means building that.”
  4. “It’s important to distinguish between between who you (want to / could) be and who you should be”
  5. “People (usually / often) don’t like to specifiy goals because they don’t like to specify conditions for failure.”
  6. “A schedule can be (very / indredibly) useful,  so you should make a damn schedule and stick to it.”
  7. “I ‘ve got tomorrow, if I was going to set it up to have the best possible day I could have , (honestely / practically) speaking, what would it look like?”
  8. People can end up cracking the whip and then procrastinating because they do not think about what the right ratio of responsibility to reward is,  which leads to them (tyrannizing / demotivating) themselves
Active reacting to linguistic choice

Keeping in mind his linguistic choice, to what extent do you agree / disagree with the above statements / advice?


Reflection on language use

Did you use any of the expressions you recently added to your “to activate list”?

Looking at your list, can you see where you could have activated more when reacting in the previous exercsie?


Extended speaking practice (more “activating” opportunites)

Go back to the page in the link below, only this time answer the questions in the “Exam speaking questions” box.

  • Answer without preparing first.
  • Record if possible.
  • Listen to yourself
  • If you’re not happy and want to improve your active LC,  look through your “to activate list” and plan how you can activate expressions for the question then answer again.

click here






Answers (professor’s linguistic choice)

  1. value
  2. clearly
  3. At university
  4. want to
  5. often
  6. incredibly
  7. practically
  8. tyrannizing













You, Khan and Co. and constructing societies

Before watching

Are some people better at maths than others? Why?

Is the way maths is learnt in your country different from the way that people learn musical instruments or karate?

How important were / are test scores in your country?

Does the coming of the digital age mean we need to change education in our country?

What do you think a “mastery approach” to learning is?


Linguistic Choice

Each gap represents one missing word. How many different words can you think that could be the missing word

  1.  A lot of them were having trouble with math at first, because they had all of these gaps ______________in their learning
  2. they’d get to a calculus class, and they’d be a little bit ____on the algebra
  3. in a lot of ways, this is how you _____ master a lot of things in life.
  4. the whole class will then ______ on to the next subject
  5. I might be in an algebra class or trigonometry class and I hit a _____
  6. it’s important to realize that not only will this make the student learn their exponents better, but it’ll _______the right mindset muscles
  7. a lot of skeptics _________ say, well, hey,
  8. “What percentage of the population do you think is capable of ____mastering calculus
  9. if we let people ____into their potential by mastering concepts they can get there.

check the answers below

Reacting to the ideas with planned LC

Read through the questions below, before answering, think which expressions from the previous exercise you can activate when discussing the questions below. Feel free to also look back through your vocab book / the rest of Khan’s speech.

  1. What points did Khan use the analogies of music / karate and later building a house to demonstrate? How effective are the analogies?
  2. Do you agree that if someone gets a C in a subject it means they have a C branded in their DNA, or will they inevitably be able to improve if they work on it?
  3. How important is grit when it comes to improving in different fields?
  4. How effective do you think the mastery approach to learning is for things like developing a growth mindset, instillling grit or allowng children to take agency over their learning?
  5. Do you agree that the logistics of implementing the mastery approach is doable nowadays? Does it depend on the subject?
  6. Khan says it is imperative to implement such an approach due to the fact we’re entering a digital revolution. What reasons does he give?  To what extent do you agree with his idea and reasoning?



Answers to Linguistic Choice (what Khan actually used)
  1. accumulated
  2. shaky
  3. would
  4. move on to
  5. hit a wall
  6. reinforce
  7. might
  8. truly
  9. tap into

Further watching

below is another video about “fixed mindset versus growth mindset” in children. Think of 5 questions you think may be answered then watch the video




the next video is about schools killing creativity. What points raised in hte last two videos might be raised in the video below about how schools kill creativity?


You and Jeff

“amazon wikipedia”的图片搜索结果

Before reading

The following are tips that Bezos gives  in a article. Before reading, finish the tips yourself then read and compare your ideas with Jeff’s

  • “Base your strategy on things that won’t _________ . “
  • ” (verb) +  (preposition)  + customers”
  • “Our culture is __________ and intense, but if push comes to shove we’ll settle for intense.”
  • “If you want to be __________, you have to be willing to fail.”
  • “Everyone has to be able to work in a ______  _____________ . “


Click here and read


Post – reading

Which three of the tips are the best?

Which are  not so useful?


Before watching

You are going to watch a video in which Besos gives 10 pieces of advice about starting / running a business. Before watching, look at Amzaon’s top 10 core values and answer the question

“Which one (and only one) of these Amazon core values will be mentioned directly in the top 10 tips video?

  • Customer Obsession
  • Ownership
  • Invent and Simplify
  • Are Right, A Lot
  • Hire and Develop the Best
  • Insist on the Highest Standards
  • Think Big
  • Bias for Action
  • Frugality
  • Vocally Self Critical
  • Earn Trust of Others
  • Dive Deep
  • Have Backbone; Disagree and Commit
  • Deliver Results


Now watch and see

Affer watching

Which of the core values could be in some way at least connected with the tips?

Which pieces of advice are the best in your opinion?



Extra – activity

Make a list of core values for your company.



C2 reading: Terrorism, fridges and 3rd conditional

Your ideas before reading

The newspaper article (from the Sydney Morning Herald – SMH) for you to read below is about a conservative journal editor and his criticism of the ABC (ABC = Australian Brooadcasting Corporation = the Australian Version of the BBC, in Canada it is CBC). Activate your ideas before reading by answering these questions:

  • Why do you think the editor of Quadrant, the conservative Australian journal, is crtical of the ABC?
  • Why might he be critical of the ABC in relation to a terrorist attack in Britain?

Read the ideas in the Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) article heading and the beginning of the text

“Quadrant online editor Roger Franklin laments that Manchester blast was not against ABC”

“the online editor of  the Australian conservative journal Quadrant wrote an opinion piece saying that, “had there been a shred of justice”, the Manchester blast would have “detonated in an Ultimo TV studio (=ABC headquarters).” He added that, if such an attack took place, “none of the (ABC) panel’s likely casualties would have represented the slightest reduction in humanity’s intelligence, decency, empathy or honesty”


Pause and react to the ideas and linguistic choice (LC)  in the first part of the SMH article

  1. Would you say that Roger Franklin is critical, highly critical, or incredibly critical of the ABC?
  2. How does his linguistic choice of actions, actor/actees and describors  show this?
  3. Do you agree with the SMH newspaper author’s choice that Franklin is “lamenting”?
  4. Why does Franklin need to use 3rd conditional to convey his idea?
  5. What is the difference in LC between “had there been a shred of justice” and “if there had been a shred in justice”?
  6. How do you feel about Roger Franklin’s choice of language to convey his ideas?


Predict ideas before reading more

  • What will be  the reaction of the ABC?
  • Apart from ABC / Quadrant representatives, who else might be quoted in this article?
  • Will Franklin, the editor of the conservative journal, try and justify his LC?
  • Will the SMH newspaper article be critical of Rogers or supportive of him?


Read and react to the ideas in the rest of the SMH article by clicking here



Further ideas to read and react to

Below is the original article by Franklin. Follow the active reading steps of

  • reading the heading and introduction to understand the topic of the article
  • thinking about the aim of the author and how his / her LC shows this
  • reacting to the author’s ideas with your own
  • predicting what ideas / LC will the further in the text (by formulating questions you think may be answered)

Clck here to start



















British Elections: Brexit – healthcare – immigration – tax – education


Your ideas before reading

  • With Brexit, to what extent should Britian try remain in Eu trade, immigration and governing programs?
  • In your country, would it be a good idea to increase VAT or income tax?
  • Should your  government try to increase net migration, or should they bear down on migration? Does it matter if it is low or high skilled?
  • Should your government increase spending in your nation healthcare system? (in Britain = NHS – National Health Service)
  • Should your government make adjustments to your education system?


Read and react

Click on the link below to compare your ideas with the condervative party of Great Britian and the United Kingdom

Tory general election manifesto: key points and analysis



Your ideas before watching

  • Is your social care system complex or straightforward?
  • Does your government provide free winter fuel for everyone (to keep houses / flats warm in a cold winter)? How expensive is this? If you’re in a hot country, what about cooling?
  • When elderly people need social care, be it in a nursing home or if a social care worker comes to their house, does the family or government pay for this? E.g. if someone has dementia but the children are busy working, who pays for the social care that is given to the person with dementia?
  • Do your politicians meet their pledges?


Watch and react

Hunt’s Linguistic Choice

Read the questions and answer from memory, then watch and fill in the remaining answers. After you’ve finished, scroll down to check the answers below

  1. What describors Did Hunt use to describe the socal care system at the moment?
  2. When talking about the opposition leaders tax plan, what action does Hunt use: “that would ____ jobs for _______ , _______ families”
  3. When talking about the trade-off, why does Hunt keep saying “we’re being very open”?
  4. What expression does Hunt use to emphasize that there is no easy solution “there are no ____   ______”
  5. Hunt refers to “poor / the poorest pensiones”, what is his LC for “rich pensioners?”
  6. When talking about people losing money due to the need to pay for social care down to the last 27,000 pounds, Hunt says “the famileis will be ____ out”
  7. After talking about a negative, Hunt says “at the same time” and then lists positives. What describors does he use when listing the positives

___ cancer survival rates      /     the ____  expansion in mental health in Europe        / t       he ________ improvement in stroke and heart atack survival rate of any OECD         /  you’re seeing NHS staff working ___________ well            /           outcomes are ____________better than five years ago


For a food and diet video + activities click here





  1. Baffling and bewildering
  2. that would destroy jobs for ordinary, working families
  3. to balance the fact that he doesn’t give any specific figures, and also win votes from ordinay, working families
  4. there are no silver bullets
  5. better-off pensioners
  6. they will be cleaned out
  7. record cancer survival rates / the biggest expansion in mental health in Europe / the biggest improvement in stroke and heart atack survival rate of any OECD country . you’re seeing NHS staff working brilliantly well / outcomes are dramatically better than five years ago

Food and Diet – British Politics

Current Situation:

THe UK is currently in the middle of an election campaign. The Prime Minister, Theresa May  of the Tory / Conservative party, in her election manifesto pledged she would abolish free lunches in schools, with the exception of those for children from poorer backgrounds. They would continue to receive the free lunch.

Background information:
  • Over the last several years the chilldren have been provided a free school lunch.
  • This free school lunch is for the first three years of schooling.
  • After the first three years they have to pay for the lunch.
Your ideas before watching:

Below is a video with chef Jamie Oliver,  whosays he is apolitical,  criticizing May’s plan. Before you watch…

  1. What are the benefits of providing free school lunches for everyone?
  2. Why is it only for the first three years?
  3. What are the arguments against it?
  4. Do you think it should be cut?

watch the video and make a note of reasons why Oliver is against the cut.



Linguistic choice questions:

Read the questions, answer from memory, then watch again:

  1. What does Jamie say to show is he apolitcal?
  2. When talking about how the NHS has to pay for diseases, why  does Jamie use and stress “the NHS is overtly paying”
  3. Why did Jamie choose to say “the school is the frontline in the battle against diet related disease?”
  4. How strongly does he stress “completely” in “it’s (the plan is)  completely short-sighted”?
  5. When talking about how kids with a proper diet do better in the school leaving exam (SAT), what expression does Jamie use “kids that are fed right are 5% …… in their SATs”
  6. Does Jamie use his linguistic choice when talking about the opposition leader’s (Jeremy Corbyn) proposal or the interviewer’s choice?

Scroll down for the answers before doing the discussion questions


Discussion questions:
  1. Do you believe the research findings quoted by Oliver that well-nourished children are 5% better off in their exam results?
  2. Do you believe that, by and large, British children are the unhealthiest in Europe?
  3. How important is the role that schools play in kids’ nutrition compared to the one that parents play?
  4. Does Jamie come across as being apolitical or do you think he is biased against the conservative party?
  5. The three positions are
  • (May: PM / conservative party): Free lunches only for the poor children
  • (Oliver): free lunches for all in the first three years only
  • (Corbyn: Opposition party / Labor): free lunches for all throughout schooling

Where do you stand on this issue?


  1. He uses present perfect to show his life experience of dealing with different prime ministers “I’ve been through four prime ministers” “I’ve worked with 4 prime ministers”
  2. to emphasise that this is not a hidden cost to society, but a clear and identifable one
  3. to create a war metaphor which emphasizes that this point is the most critical
  4. very strongly
  5. are 5% better off in their SATs
  6. no, he repeats “(he’s) gone too far”




You and Steve

Text 1: Video



Activate your ideas

In his commence speechat a university,  Jobs tells of 3 stories from his life.

  1. If you were to give a speech about 3 moments of significance in your life, which ones would you choose?
  2. Below are the titles of his 3 stories, what do you think he will say about them?
  • “connecting the dots”
  • “love and loss”
  • “death”

Watch and listen to his ideas …

Learn language from the ideas

 Phrasal verbs and grammar

Fill in the gaps!

  1. I dropped __ __ Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed _____ as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit.
  2. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it __.
  3. I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work __OK.
  4. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking ____it was one of the best decisions I ever made.
  5. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me ____.
  6. For the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling ___.
  7. When we did, our Board of Directors sided ____him.
  8. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing ___so badly.
  9. But something slowly began to dawn ___me — I still loved what I did.
  10. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start ___.
  11. I didn’t see it then, but it turned ____that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have _____happened to me.
  12. Death clears out the old to make way ___the new.
  13. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown ___your own inner voice.

Check the answers in the text here,

Organize your expressions in your mind / memory

  1. Which of the phrasal verbs above are connected with the idea of:  education / problems or issues / realization and reflection / relationships
  2. Can you think of any other categories?
  3. Do any of the phrasal verbs have the same preposition?
  4. What other phrasal verbs do you know with the same verb?
  5. What about the same preposition?
  6. Which of the phrasal verbs are logical, and which are idiomatic?
  7. Which two do you like the most?
  8. Which two do you feel are the least useful or interesting ?


Your turn to find ideas and language to activate

Go through the text here again and

  • highlight 3-5 statements, or opinions, or pieces of advice, or reflections that you think are interesting, or boring, or strange,  or new, or stupid
  • find 3-5 expressions you like and want to activate and highlight them

Note, the expressions can be from the ideas or separate from them.


Discuss, react to and extend the ideas

  • Discuss the 3-5 statements, or opinions, or pieces of advice, or reflections that you highlighted
  • Discuss to what extent you agree with the following advice / opinions:
  1. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever.
  2. the only way to do great work is to love what you do.
  3. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose.


Idea development and language check: 

Did you do the following when discussing?

  • extend your ideas with reasons and examples?
  • connect your ideas to that of the speaker / writer?
  • compare your linguistic choice to their linguistic choice at all?
  • activate expressions from the phrasal verbs exercise?
  • activate the 3-5 expressions you highlighted?
  • activate expressions from the ideas you highlighted?
  • use any of these activated expressions to talk about your own life / opinion / advice, or only when re-telling?



Text 2: Writing

Activate your ideas

Below is a text, apparantly the last one Jobs wrote before he died. Before reading

  1. What do you think he will say about the pursuit of wealth?
  2. He gives some examples of matters apart from wealth which we should pursue. What examples do you think he gave?
  3. He says we should cherish certain things, what do you think they are?


Read and find out about his ideas ..

In others’ eyes, my life is an epitome of success.
However, aside from work, I have little joy. In the end, wealth is only a fact of life that I am accustomed to. At this moment, lying on the sick bed and recalling my whole life, I realize that all the recognition and wealth that I took so much pride in, have paled and become meaningless in the face of impending death.In the darkness, I look at the green lights from the life supporting machines and hear the humming mechanical sounds, I can feel the breath of god of death drawing closer…
Now I know, when we have accumulated sufficient wealth to last our lifetime, we should pursue other matters that are unrelated to wealth… Should be something that is more important:Perhaps relationships, perhaps art, perhaps a dream from younger days … Non-stop pursuing of wealth will only turn a person into a twisted being, just like me.God gave us the senses to let us feel the love in everyone’s heart, not the illusions brought about by wealth.
The wealth I have won in my life I cannot bring with me.What I can bring is only the memories precipitated by love.That’s the true riches which will follow you, accompany you, giving you strength and light to go on. Love can travel a thousand miles. Life has no limit. Go where you want to go. Reach the height you want to reach. It is all in your heart and in your hands. What is the most expensive bed in the world? – “Sick bed” …
You can employ someone to drive the car for you, make money for you but you cannot have someone to bear the sickness for you.Material things lost can be found. But there is one thing that can never be found when it is lost – “Life”.
When a person goes into the operating room, he will realize that there is one book that he has yet to finish reading – “Book of Healthy Life”. Whichever stage in life we are at right now, with time, we will face the day when the curtain comes down.
Treasure love for your family, love for your spouse, love for your friends…Treat yourself well.
Cherish others. – Steve Jobs

Find ideas and language to activate

Go through the text again and

  • highlight 3-5 statements, or opinions, or pieces of advice, or reflections that you think are interesting, or boring, or strange,  or new, or stupid
  • find 3-5 expressions you like and want to activate and highlight them

Note, the expressions can be from the ideas or separate from them.

Discuss, react to and extend the ideas

  • Discuss the 3-5 statements, or opinions, or pieces of advice, or reflections that you highlighted

Idea development and language check: 

Did you do the following when discussing?

  • extend your ideas with reasons and examples?
  • connect your ideas to that of the speaker / writer?
  • compare your linguistic choice to their linguistic choice at all?
  • activate the 3-5 expressions you highlighted?
  • activate expressions from the ideas you highlighted?
  • use any of these activated expressions to talk about your own life / opinion / advice, or only when re-telling?


Text 3: Video

Activate your ideas


You are about to watch a “Steve Jobs top 10 rules for success”.  Note, the 10 rules are taken from different times of his life.

  • What do you think his top 10 rules are? Try and guess at least 4.

As you watch the video, stop after 5 of the rules, and guess possible remaining ones.

Watch and listen to his ideas …

Fly solo 🙂 No text, no exercises, from the video …

  • Find ideas and language to activate
  • Discuss, react to and extend the ideas
  • Reflect on your  idea development and language use



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