Before reading the following article from CBCnews guess your answer to the question below, then read to see if you were right:
What are the reasons for the jump in the amount of homeless people in Vancouver?
What does the local government plan to do?
Homeless count finds housing affordability crisis driving numbers up
Half of people surveyed said lack of income and lack of affordable housing main reason for plight
Housing costs and a lack of income are driving up the numbers of Lower Mainland homeless, 22 per cent of whom were employed full or part-time, according to the latest count conducted by Metro Vancouver.
The report issued Tuesday said the takeaway from this year’s homeless count is the need for more affordable housing.
About half of the people surveyed said housing costs and a lack of income were the main reasons they slept on the street or in shelters.
“In order to stem growing homelessness, it is clear we need more affordable housing options,” Port Moody Mayor Mike Clay, the chair of the region’s housing committee, said in a statement.
More seniors, fewer youths
About half the people surveyed had lived in the region 10 years or more before becoming homeless.
Vancouver, Surrey and Langley were the three cities with the most homeless people.
The report found 82 per cent of those surveyed had at least one health condition.
Aboriginal homelessness ‘troubling’
A finding 34 per cent of the homeless people surveyed were Aboriginal, an increase of 28 per cent from 2014, was called “troubling” by the authors of a separate report released Monday.
Aboriginal people only account for 2.5 per cent of Metro Vancouver’s total population.
“The enduring effects of colonization, the legacy of the residential school system and the impact of child welfare and the foster care system continue to impact the daily experience of many Aboriginal Peoples and families and directly contribute to the high incidence of Aboriginal homelessness,” the report read.
“The bottom line shows that Aboriginal peoples are 18 times more likely to be homeless in Metro Vancouver than the mainstream population.”
Read through the article again
- highlight 4-6 points of interest. In those points, underline some key collocations.
- re-tell in class the key points of interest for discussion
Read through the next article, from the Dail Telegraph (Australia), guess as many options as you can for the missing words
Homelessness is an increasingly 1)________problem in Sydney, especially in the inner city where it’s hard to miss the growing number of beggars, rough sleepers and people doing it tough on the streets. It’s a confronting, distressing sight.
Most of us are guilty at some stage of turning a blind eye to this suffering, writing it 2)______as a hopeless affair that can’t be solved. But that is simply not true. Sure, there is no magic 3)_______to solve homelessness, it’s a complex issue with complex causes, but there is one fundamental issue helping to perpetuate the cycle: a lack of affordable housing.
For decades, Australia has failed to meet the housing needs of our lowest income residents and nowhere is that more obvious than in Sydney. Housing affordability is at an all-time low and rents are skyrocketing, 4)_________more low and middle income earners at risk of homelessness than ever before. A single person on minimum wage can now pay up to 68 per cent of their income to rent a one-bedroom flat. Low income households earning $500 a week can pay up to 85 per cent of their income on rent. Many households are 5)___________just one unexpected expense away from disaster.
“In order to 6)___________homelessness we really need to have some affordable housing,” Homelessness NSW CEO Katherine McKernan says. “Crisis services are experiencing 7)__________demand but there’s simply nowhere to refer people into long-term accommodation.
“So there’s blockages occurring, which is why there’s an increase in rough sleeping because people simply aren’t able to access services.”
There’s nothing humane about sleeping on the street, it is never, ever a choice. Community attitudes, however, tend to 8)________some blame on the person experiencing it. A public perception survey by Homelessness Australia in 2014 found most people believed bad decision making, mental illness and substance abuse were the major causes of homelessness. The reality was that housing affordability, financial difficulties and family violence were much 9)_______drivers.
While the NSW Government has invested $22 million in additional private rental subsidies to provide access to housing for young people, women and children escaping violence, it doesn’t address 10)______________ issues like rental market affordability. It won’t address the 11)___________social housing waiting list nor the current high demand for homelessness services. And ultimately it boosts the coffers of private rental landlords rather than addressing the 11)___________issues contributing 12)_____high rents in Sydney, and the lack of affordable housing in general.
There is 13)__________evidence that a ‘housing first approach’ can reduce the risk and break the cycle of homelessness. That’s because when people have a roof over their heads with adequate support services, they’re more likely to get their life back on track.
“If you provide long-term accommodation with support, people will stay housed, they won’t fall back into homelessness,” McKernan says.
A Sydney housing forum was told last week that another 100,000 affordable homes must be made available in NSW over the next two decades to reduce housing stress and the risk of homelessness. That means 14)__________policies such as inclusionary zoning to ensure a percentage of new developments are affordable housing. That means developing innovative financial models to support more affordable housing.
An increase of supply won’t solve all of Sydney’s housing 15)_______but it will have a significant impact.
All it requires is the political will to create a city where everyone has access to housing, where everyone counts.
Click on the link here to find the answers, I also recommend reading the comments to the side of the article